Dr. Paul Lenkowski ENTWhat Is An ENT physician?

An ENT physician is a doctor specializing in the management and treatment of patients dealing with ears, nose, and throat conditions. This speciality, officially known as otolaryngology, involves things such as the larynx, sinuses, and the structures of the neck and face in both adults and children. Specialists practicing in otolaryngology have to go through one of the longest schooling programs in the medical field, spending up to fifteen years between college, medical school, and speciality training. Extensive learning and training is essential in this field due to the delicate and crucial nature the ears, nose, and throat play in the proper functioning of the human body. Additionally, some specialists opt to pursue more in-depth training in one of seven subspecialties:

Pediatric Otolaryngology

Treatment of children, including but not limited to birth defects in the head and neck, developmental delays, Down’s Syndrome, ear infections, tonsillitis, adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma, and allergy/sinus disease.


Specialty relating to the ears and diseases or trauma affecting their proper functioning (balance, coordination, hearing, tinnitus).


Treatment of allergies by way of medication, immunotherapy, and/or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, or other sensitivities that affect the ears, nose, and throat. Typically, seasonal allergies are treated but drug, food, and/or contact allergies may also be treated by an ENT doctor.

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries for repairing the appearance and functionality for things such as deviated septum, rhinoplasty, facelift, cleft palate, and drooping eyelids.

Head and Neck

Cancerous and noncancerous tumors in the head and neck, as well as thyroid treatment.


Disorders of the throat such as hoarseness of the voice and swallowing problems.


Disorders relating to the nose and sinuses such as nosebleeds, loss of smell, persistent plugged nose and more.

ENT Doctor’s Role in Medicine

ENT doctors differ from other physicians in that they are trained in both medicine and surgery. After recommending the next step in treatment for a patient, otolaryngologists need not refer patients to a secondary provider as they can perform the necessary surgery, allowing their patient to receive individualized, personalized, and consistent care. ENT specialists are a crucial part in diagnosing problems and managing ongoing care for individuals who struggle with ears, nose, and throat disorders.

Dr. Paul Lenkowksi is a board certified ENT and allergy doctor providing services in Roanoke and the surrounding area.  If you or your family are in need of the specialty services provided by an ENT, please contact Roanoke Valley ENT & Allergy for an appointment at (540) YOUR – ENT.