Woman pinching top of nose, dealing with chronic sinusitisChronic sinusitis, a condition characterized by inflammation of the sinus cavities lasting for 12 weeks or more, can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. It leads to persistent symptoms such as nasal congestion, facial pain or pressure and difficulty breathing. At Roanoke Valley ENT & Allergy, we recognize the challenges posed by this condition and strive to provide comprehensive care to our patients. In this blog, we’ll delve into the causes, symptoms and effective treatments, empowering you with the knowledge to seek relief and improve your sinus health.

Causes of Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis can develop due to various factors, including:

  • Infections: Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can lead to inflammation of the sinus cavities, resulting in this condition. These infections may originate from a cold, flu, or allergies.
  • Nasal Polyps: Nasal polyps are benign growths that can obstruct the nasal passages and contribute to this condition. Individuals with conditions such as asthma, aspirin sensitivity, or cystic fibrosis are at a higher risk of developing nasal polyps.
  • Allergies: Allergic reactions to environmental triggers such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander can cause inflammation in the sinuses, leading to chronic sinusitis in susceptible individuals.
  • Anatomical Abnormalities: Structural abnormalities in the nasal passages, like a deviated septum or narrow sinus openings, can hinder adequate drainage and airflow, increasing the likelihood of this condition.


The symptoms of chronic sinusitis can vary in severity and may include:

  • Nasal congestion or blockage
  • Facial pain, pressure, or tenderness
  • Headache
  • Postnasal drip
  • Reduced sense of smell and taste
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Bad breath

These symptoms can significantly impact daily functioning and quality of life, prompting individuals to seek relief through appropriate treatment.

Effective Treatments

At Roanoke Valley ENT & Allergy, we offer a range of treatments tailored to address the underlying causes of chronic sinusitis and alleviate symptoms. Several treatment options have proven to be effective, such as:

  • Nasal Corticosteroids: These anti-inflammatory medications help reduce swelling and inflammation in the nasal passages, relieving symptoms such as nasal congestion and postnasal drip.
  • Antibiotics: In cases where bacterial infections contribute to this condition, a course of antibiotics may be prescribed to eliminate the underlying infection and alleviate symptoms.
  • Nasal Irrigation: Saline nasal irrigation, performed using a neti pot or nasal spray, helps clear mucus and allergens from the nasal passages, providing relief from congestion and promoting sinus drainage.
  • Allergy Management: Identifying and avoiding triggers that exacerbate allergic reactions can help reduce inflammation in the sinuses and prevent recurrent episodes of chronic sinusitis. Allergy testing and immunotherapy may be recommended for individuals with persistent allergic symptoms.
  • Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: For individuals with severe or recurrent chronic sinusitis that does not respond to conservative treatments, endoscopic sinus surgery may be recommended to improve sinus drainage and remove obstructions such as nasal polyps or diseased tissue.

Lifestyle Modifications

In addition to medical treatments, certain lifestyle modifications can help manage chronic sinusitis and reduce the frequency and severity of symptoms. These may include:

  • Maintaining good nasal hygiene by regularly using saline nasal irrigation
  • Avoiding exposure to environmental allergens or irritants
  • Using a humidifier to keep indoor air moist and prevent nasal dryness
  • Engaging in proper hand hygiene practices to minimize the likelihood of infections

Seek Relief: Contact Us Today

If you’re experiencing persistent symptoms of chronic sinusitis, don’t hesitate to seek medical evaluation and treatment from the experienced professionals at Roanoke Valley ENT & Allergy. Our team is dedicated to providing personalized care and innovative solutions to help you find relief and improve your sinus health. Request your appointment today and take the first step towards better sinus health and overall well-being.