Allergy immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots, is a medical treatment for allergies that aims to reduce or eliminate the symptoms caused by allergens such as pollen, dust, animal dander and insect stings. This treatment is usually recommended for individuals who have not found relief from traditional allergy treatments such as antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal corticosteroids.

How does it work?allergy immunotherapy

Allergy immunotherapy works by gradually exposing the patient to small amounts of the allergen that causes their symptoms. This exposure helps the body build up immunity to the allergen and eventually reduces the allergic reaction. The exposure is typically delivered via injections, but can also be delivered sublingually (under the tongue) or via oral drops.

The length of treatment varies, but typically lasts three to five years. During this time, the patient receives increasing doses of the allergen, usually once a week. The length and frequency of treatment are determined by the severity of the allergy and the individual’s response to the therapy.

It has been shown to be effective in treating a variety of allergic conditions, including hay fever, asthma, and insect sting allergies. In some cases, the therapy can even lead to long-term remission of symptoms and a decreased need for medications.

Side Effects

It is important to note that allergy immunotherapy can cause side effects, including:

  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Swelling at the injection site
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

However, these side effects are usually mild and can be managed with over-the-counter medications.

Allergy immunotherapy is a safe and effective treatment option for individuals suffering from allergies. If you are experiencing symptoms that are not relieved by traditional allergy treatments, talk to your healthcare provider about the possibility of allergy immunotherapy. With proper care and monitoring, this treatment can provide long-term relief and improved quality of life for those who suffer from allergies. Talk to our providers at Roanoke Valley ENT & Allergy to see if this is a good option for managing your allergies.